Although there are many different and sometimes conflicting approaches to feminist philosophy, see "Feminism, approaches to"it is instructive to begin by asking what, if anything, feminists as a group are committed to.
Women as a group experience many different forms of injustice, and the sexism they encounter interacts in complex ways with other systems of oppression. Some feminists trace the origins of the term "feminism" in English as rooted in the movement in Europe and the US beginning with the mobilization for suffrage during the late 19th and early 20th century and refer to this movement as "First Wave" feminism.
Although most feminists would probably agree that there is some sense of "rights" on which achieving equal rights for women is a necessary condition for feminism to succeed, most would also argue that this would not be sufficient. An alternative, however, would be to grant that in practice unity among feminists cannot be taken for granted, but to begin with a theoretical common-ground among feminist views that does not assume that sexism appears in the same form or for the same reasons in all contexts.
See Spelman Note, however, that in both sorts of cases the fact that one is or appears to be a woman need not be the Feminist criticism essay introduction factor relevant in explaining the injustice. Two strategies for explicating sexist oppression have proven to be problematic.
Oppression is injustice that, first and foremost, concerns groups; individuals are oppressed just in case they are subjected to injustice because of their group membership.
Do the standard philosophical accounts of justice and morality provide us adequate resources to theorize male domination, or do we need distinctively feminist accounts? Acknowledging this does not go quite far enough, however, for monistic theorists such as MacKinnon could grant this much.
Unlike many feminist comrades, I believe women and men must share a common understanding--a basic knowledge of what feminism is--if it is ever to be a powerful mass-based political movement. If there is a basis for cooperation between some subset of these groups in a given context, then finding that basis is an accomplishment, but should not be taken for granted.
Or one might be willing to acknowledge in a very general way that equality for women is a good thing, without being committed to interpreting particular everyday situations as unjust especially if is unclear how far these interpretations would have to extend. As mentioned above, there are a variety of interpretations--feminist and otherwise--of what exactly oppression consists in, but the leading idea is that oppression consists in "an enclosing structure of forces and barriers which tends to the immobilization and reduction of a group or category of people Frye Leaving aside at least for the moment further details in the account of oppression, the question remains: To address this question, it may help to consider a familiar ambiguity in the notion "because": Or can we be pluralists about what sexist oppression consists in without fragmenting the notion beyond usefulness?
A second problematic strategy has been to consider as paradigms those who are oppressed only as women, with the thought that complex cases bringing in additional forms of oppression will obscure what is distinctive of sexist oppression.
For example, the practice of raping Bosnian women was an intersectional injustice: Some might prefer to define feminism in terms of a normative claim alone: Feminist philosophers in particular have asked: What makes a particular form of oppression sexist?
And if under these circumstances only those who are literate are entitled to vote. SpelmanRecent accounts of oppression are designed to allow that oppression takes many forms, and refuse to identify one form as more basic or fundamental than the rest. However, my point here is simply that claims of this sort concern what is the case not what ought to be the case.
Considering some of the controversies over what feminism is provides a springboard for seeing how feminist commitments generate a host of philosophical topics, especially as those commitments confront the world as we know it.
In other words, the causal mechanism for sexism often passes through problematic representations of women and gender roles. On this account, that women and men ought to have equal rights and respect is the normative claim; and that women are denied equal rights and respect functions here as the descriptive claim.
My goal here will be to sketch some of the central uses of the term that are most relevant to those interested in contemporary feminist philosophy. Entries covered under the rubric "Feminism, topics" concern philosophical issues that arise as feminists articulate accounts of sexism, critique sexist social and cultural practices, and develop alternative visions of a just world.
For example, feminists who themselves remain racists will not be able to fully appreciate the broad impact of sexism on the lives of women of color. In other words, opposing oppression in its many forms may be instrumental to, even a necessary means to, feminism, but not intrinsic to it.
Others disagree about the background moral or political views.The tools you need to write a quality essay or term paper; Saved Essays. You Have Not Saved Any Essays. Topics in this paper.
Feminism is the belief in social, political, and economic equality of the sexes. And it is the feminist movement that has been trying to give these rights to women who have been deprived of their equality and /5(12).
Sample Essay Feminist Theory & King Lear Shakespeare's King Lear is a deeply sad tale of a king who gives up his power and slowly goes crazy. His two oldest daughters, Goneril and Regan, each receive Feminist Criticism is a type of literary theory that wishes to point out how different genders, races, classes, religions, etc.
are portrayed. Feminism. Essay sample by mint-body.com company. Introduction. Feminism refers to a broad range of ideas, approaches, and ideologies directed towards advocating for gender and sex equality for women.
Feminist theory extends feminism into the fields of philosophy and theoretical ideology. The theory of feminism encompasses the fields of. Literary Criticism I Feminist Criticism theory in the novel “Harry Potter” by J.K.
Rowling Introduction According to Peter Barry’s book, Feminism was born because of women are disadvantaged by comparison with men and the unequal.
Jan 16, · Writing a Feminist Criticism Essay.? have been assigned a literary piece and are required to write a critical response to the literary piece in the vein of feminist criticism. If this is the case, you are not being asked to create a dialogue on weather you believe in feminism.
In the introduction to your essay, explain that Status: Resolved. Introduction to Feminism, Topics: What Is Feminism? Feminism is both an intellectual commitment and a political movement that seeks justice for women and the end of .Download