As Durkheim states that the suicide level of Protestants is higher than the suicide level of the Catholics he put certain limitation on the issues of suicide risk the article develops the thought that this is not necessarily applicable to every society as the study has been done in Netherlands and even in the USA the situation is different.
Durkheim has studied this problem at some length. Egoistic suicide is a product of relatively weak group integration. The act of suicide is nothing but the manifestation of these currents.
It means that even high level of social solidarity induces suicide. The main social aspect that Durkheim reveals in his studies is the social integration of each person so that the high level of social integration prevents the person from committing suicide and the small level of integration implies the predispose to suicidal behavior.
He found that among the Catholics suicides were comparatively less than among the Protestants. The main priority of the sociologists is to define these reasons in order to prevent the performance of such behavior. Durkheim has selected the instance or event of suicide to demonstrate the function of sociological theory.
On the other hand, Protestantism fosters spirit of free inquiry, permits great individual freedom, lacks hierarchic organisations and has fewer common beliefs and practices. As criminologists have pointed out, economic, psychological and even religious factors may lead to suicide. These three kinds of suicide understood as social types also correspond approximately to psychological types.
As Abraham and Morgan have pointed out, Durkheim made use of statistical analysis for two primary reasons. Hence, Durkheim generalised that the lack of integration is the main cause of egoistic suicide.
Wherever altruistic suicide is prevalent, man is always ready to sacrifice his life for a great cause, principle, ideal or value. One of the main issues provided against Durkheim is that the communities do not always reveal the required social support to people and this support is not only positive.
The author Ken Browne emphasized the fact that Durkheim made a special accent on social restrictions such as religious communities as the way to keep the behavior of the society members in a certain limits, including suicide.
Though the evidence provided by the author reveals a new factor that has been missed by Durkheim, it still underestimates that importance other factors only concentrating on the alcohol abuse issue.
The weakest point is that the article absolutely neglects the important of the observable and measurable data in terms or suicide. Two Main Purposes behind this Study: According to Durkheim, egoistic suicides are committed by those individuals who have the tendency to shut themselves up within themselves.Essay on Durkheim’s Theory of Suicide – Durkheim’s third famous book “Suicide” published in is in various respects related to his study of division of labour.
“Suicide”, the act of taking one’s own life, figures prominently in the historical development of sociology because it was the subject of the first sociological data to test a theory.
Durkheim's Theory of Suicide Essay example Words | 10 Pages. Durkheim's Theory of Suicide The main purpose of this document is to give an explanation to Durkheim’s theory in the light of his sociological analysis of suicide. Durkheim-Economic Inequality in the American Society INTRODUCTION Emile Durkheim’s theory of social function seeks to portray the society as being arranged by layers that have different structures.
According to Durkheim, each of these social structures has practical uses. In spite of its limitations, Durkheim’s suicide study has really influenced the control theory proponents (Pope & Danigelis, ). Durkheim came up with four categories of suicide which included Egoist suicide, Fatalistic suicides, Altruist suicide alongside Anomic suicide (Thompson, ).
Free Essay: Durkheim's Theory of Suicide The main purpose of this document is to give an explanation to Durkheim’s theory in the light of his sociological.
The analysis of the next three articles represents three different points of view on suicidal behavior in terms of Durkheim’s theory. 2. Denomination, religious context, and suicide.
This article written by Frank van Tubergen, Manfred te Grotenhuis and Wout Ultee is opposing Durkheim’s theory.Download