Forests are fast vanishing from our country. When firewood becomes scare, people begin to use cow dung and crop wastes as fuel, mainly for cooking. Exposing soil to heat and rain: The fertile top soil is eroded and flooded into the lower regions, many coastal fisheries and coral reefs suffer from the sedimentation brought by the flooding.
Overgrazing occurs when plants are exposed to intensive grazing for extended periods of time, or without sufficient recovery periods.
The soil in many deforested areas in also unsuitable for supporting annual crops. Floods, droughts and landslides become more prevalent in such areas.
Deforestation can also mean the conversion of forest land to productive land for agricultural uses. Construction of dam reservoirs: At the same time, over-grazing has reduced the regenerative capacity of the forests to a negligible point.
Extensive and unabated deforestation, over-grazing and the growing hunger for land have hit the ecology of the country so badly that India may soon have more of waste than productive land.
The stress of environmental change may make some species more susceptible to the effect of insects, pollution and diseases. Deforestation in kolkata storehouses of species which have evolved over millions of years get lost due to deforestation in a single stroke.
It can be caused by either livestock in poorly managed agricultural applications, or by overpopulations of native or non- native wild animals. The government has the necessary expertise, but the apathy and indifference of government staff has come in the way of effective implementation of any forest-preservation programme.
During a period of 25 years India has lost 4. For building big dams, large scale devastation of forests takes place which breaks the natural ecological balance of the region.
The economic activity is adversely affected by siltation, flooding, soil degradation and reduced timber supplies. Here are few of them. Nearly 1 per cent of the land surface of India is turning barren year due to deforestation. Deforestation has a major impact on the productivity of our crop lands.
On an average India is losing about 6, million ton of top soil annually due to water erosion in the absence of trees. Besides this, local cattle, goats, sheep etc.
They may be natural or manmade, and cause huge forest loss. India consumes nearly million ton of firewood annually, and million hectares of forest cover is being stripped every year to meet fuel requirements.
Displacement of indigenous communities: Thus, in turn, threatens the livelihood of people. The devastating effects of deforestation in India include soil, water and wind erosions, estimated to cost over 16, crores every year.
This results to negative effects in the economic viability of many business and fatalities in wildlife population. Overgrazing is also seen as a cause of the spread of invasive species of non-native plants and of weeds. Forests are the repositories of invaluable gifts of nature in the form of biodiversity and by destroying these we are going to lose these species even before knowing them.
The national project of interlinking rivers if carried out without afforestation then we may reach zero forest value by Deforestation is one of the major causes to the environmental degradation which is affected by the agents like small farmers, ranches, loggers and plantation companies.
To meet the demands of rapidly growing population, agricultural lands and settlements are created permanently by clearing forests.
There are an estimated million people living as shifting cultivators who practice slash and burn agriculture and are supposed to clear more than 5 lakh ha of forests for shifting cultivation annually. Actual firewood consumption went up from The per capita forest Land in India is O.
Non suitability of deforested area for conservation. Which supplies the world market with woods such as meranti, teak, mahogany and ebony destroys trees as well as opening up forest for agriculture.
Chipko Movement — The movement against deforestation. The loss worked out from the top soil erosion in was Rs. Forest makes way for residential houses, office buildings and factories.
This is probably most serious consequence of Deforestation. This results in better and more abundant production of food and materials, virtually eradicating periods of want and lack.Deforestation is conceived as a word more „physical‟ than „social‟ in policies and practices so far.
But it is the time to rethink about it.
At present, most of the forest destruction in the world and in. Essays - largest database of quality sample essays and research papers on Deforestation In Kolkata. Deforestation in India (With Statistics) Article shared by: Deforestation and over-grazing have been causing tremendous land erosion and landslides.
On an average India is losing about 6, million ton of top soil annually due to water erosion in the absence of trees. The loss worked out from the top soil erosion in was Rs. crore.
Deforestation Figures for Selected Countries. About this site Providing tropical forest news, statistics, photos, and information, mint-body.com is the world's most popular rainforest mint-body.com Deforestation in India: Causes and Consequences of Deforestation in India! Deforestation is one of the major causes to the environmental degradation which is affected by the agents like small farmers, ranches, loggers and plantation companies.
There is a broad consensus that expansion of cropped. Deforestation means the cutting down of trees without realizing its manifold evils and destructive effects. In simple words, deforestation refers to the deliberate process of destroying the forests, so that the clear land may be put to other use.
Deforestation in India: Meaning, Causes, Effects, Present Scenario, and Chipko Movement.Download