An introduction to the history of antidumping

Investigation proceedings The Commission has 45 days to examine the complaint, consult EU Member States and decide whether or not there is enough evidence to merit a formal investigation. Exporting non-market economy countries The complainant must demonstrate that exporting countries export - as an average - at a price lower than the average domestic price the normal value.

Confidentiality Confidentiality is a central concern with anti-dumping complaints mainly for two reasons. Anti-subsidy measures target subsidies made available to manufacturers from third countries i. A complaint must contain information showing that a certain product originating in a third country is being exported to the EU at dumped prices, and that this dumped product is causing injury to the Union industry.

Refund or reimbursement The Agreement requires Members to collect duties on a non-discriminatory basis on imports from all sources found to be dumped and causing injury, except with respect to sources from which a price undertaking has been accepted.

The investigating authorities are precluded from including in the calculation of that weighted average dumping margin any dumping margins that are de minimis, zero, or based on the facts available rather than a full investigation, and must calculate an individual margin for any exporter or producer who provides the necessary information during the course of the investigation.

In the current economic climate, with protectionist trends on the rise, business in particular cannot afford to remain oblivious of these key areas of EU trade practice.

An introduction to anti-dumping and other EU trade law measures

If a Member allows importation and collects an estimated anti-dumping duty, and only later calculates the specific amount of anti-dumping duty to be paid, the Agreement requires that the final determination of the amount must take place as soon as possible, upon request for a final assessment.

If sales are below cost when made but are above the weighted average cost over the period of the investigation, the Agreement provides that they allow for recovery of costs within a reasonable period of time. First, the companies involved in filing a complaint are typically competitors. During this period, the Commission investigates the matter in depth comparing and verifying on-the-spot data provided by all participating partiesand consults further with EU Member States.

In particular on this issue, exporters, EU importers, EU users and consumers - generally opposed to the imposition of anti-dumping duties - will be invited to present their views. Moreover, the amount of the duty collected may not exceed the dumping margin, although it may be a lesser amount.

Anti-Dumping Procedure The complaint Where the EU industry in a given sector considers that dumped imports from non-EU countries are causing it material injury, it can submit a complaint to the European Commission.


Definitive duties are valid for five years before they expire. Individual exporter dumping margins The Agreement requires that, when anti-dumping duties are imposed, a dumping margin be calculated for each exporter.

Third country price as normal value The other alternative method for determining normal value is to look at the comparable price of the like product when exported to an appropriate third country, provided that price is representative.

The Commission will not reveal confidential information without a specific permission from the supplier of the information. If it is disclosed that a complaint is being contemplated, exporters will naturally increase their prices in order to decrease the risk of anti-dumping measures being imposed on them.

However, as is the case with normal value, the Agreement recognizes that this transaction price may not be appropriate for purposes of comparison. A complaint must be supported by a significant amount of relevant EU producers.

Additionally, companies operating globally may need to comply with very specific and targeted legal provisions, applicable to the sector in which they do business, if they are to market their products in the EU. Thereafter, the EU Council of Ministers has the authority to decide whether to impose definitive duties and order the collection of the provisional duties.

Dumping occurs when a company sells its products at a cheaper price on the export market when compared with its own domestic market. If the imported product is not resold to an independent buyer, or is not resold as imported, the authorities may determine a reasonable basis on which to calculate the export price.

Again, this requires a balancing of competing interests and a consultation of various parties with an interest in the outcome of the investigation. Finally, sales made below costs may only be disregarded in the determination of normal value where they do not allow for recovery of costs within a reasonable period of time.

Following the initiation of proceedings, the Commission undertakes an investigation and if necessary, provisional measures secured by a guarantee will be imposed, for a maximum period of four months.

Insufficient volume of sales If there are sales below cost that meet the criteria set out in the Agreement, they can simply be ignored in the calculation of normal value, and normal value will be determined based on the remaining sales.

Frequently these barriers contravene WTO or other international trade law obligations and commitments. Anti-dumping General Introduction Dumping is often understood to occur whenever excessively cheap or below-cost imports are made available on a market, but the reality is a bit more nuanced.

The EU industry in this context refers to EU producers of the particular product being dumped that are injured by the dumping. Other measures restricting access to the EU market Anti-dumping and anti-subsidy measures aside, imports into the EU from third countries may be made subject to safeguard measures in the form of quantitative restrictions or other restrictive arrangements.

Fair comparison of normal value and export price Basic requirements The Agreement requires that a fair comparison of the export price and the normal value be made.Student: Bei He A Brief Introduction to Anti-dumping Law Introduction Anti-dumping law is an important branch of competition law.

It is a law which prevent foreign goods to sell at a less than fair market value and cause damages to the domestic corresponding industry. US ANTI-DUMPING ACTIVITY IN HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE US ANTI-DUMPING ACTIVITY IN HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE The Anti-dumping Act of contains all the elements of what we now recognise as AD: that duties may be imposed if the exporter’s sales price is less.

Disputes in the anti-dumping area are subject to binding dispute settlement before the Dispute Settlement Body of the WTO, in accordance with the provisions of the.

antidumping law. I. Introduction: Antidumping and antitrust, according to modern U.S. economists II. A thumbnail history of U.S. antitrust and antidumping Law III. The Chicago Way – The reaction against antitrust IV.

The case against the Chicago view of antitrust V. Modern U.S. economists on. The History of Anti-Dumping and Countervailing Duties Within the history of anti-dumping and countervailing duties in the United States is an interesting look at the history of international trade.

There has been a lot of talk about Anti-dumping and Countervailing duties in the news lately, but where did they come from? We are going to dive into the history of anti-dumping and countervailing in the United.

the filing of an antidumping or countervailing duty petition and the investigation and possible review that follow. Antidumping and countervailing duty laws are administered jointly by the U.S.

International Trade Commission (“Commission”) and the U.S. Department of Commerce (“Commerce”).

An introduction to the history of antidumping
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